Världsmästare Boris Spassky

Boris Spassky

220px-Boris_Spasski_1984_Saloniki Boris Vasilievich Spassky (also Spasskij; Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) är en Sovjet-Fransk schack Stormästare. Han var den tionde Världsmästren i schack. Han höll titeln mellan 1969 till 1972. Han är känd som en av de största levande schackspelarna och han är den äldste nu levande före detta världsmästaren. Spassky vann  the Soviet Chess Championship två gången (1961, 1973), och förlorade två gånger i särspeletand om titeln (1956, 1963), after tying for first place during the event proper. Han var kandidat till världsmästartiteln vid sju tillfällen (1956, 1965, 1968, 1974, 1977, 1980, and 1985). Spassky besegrade Tigran Petrosian vid matchen år 1969 och blev Världsmästare. Han förlorade sedan titeln mot Robert Fischer vid matchen Fischer–Spassky 1972 – som är en av de mest kända och uppmärksammade i schackhistorien.

Hans tidiga liv

Han föddes i Leningrad (nu Saint Petersburg) av en Ryska föräldrar och lärde sig att spela schack vid fem års ålder på ett tåg då han evakuerades från Leningrad under Andra världskriget. Han blev internationellt uppmärksammad då han vid 10 års ålder 1947 besegrade den Sovjetiske mästaren Mikhail Botvinnik i en simultanuppvisning som Botvinnik höll i Leningrag. Boris Spasskys första tränare var Vladimir Zak som är en respekterad mästare och tränare. Under hans ungdom med start vid 10 års ålder arbetade Spassky ofta med schack flera timmar per dag med mästarklass tränare. Spassky satte flera rekord han var nämligen den yngste spelaren från Sovjetunionen som blev mästarspelare (vid tio års ålder) och intenationell mästare (vid elva års ålder), och Sovjetunionens mästare rating vid femton års ålder. 1952, vid femton års ålder fick Spassky 50 procent i semifinalen i Sovjetmästerskapen i Riga och blev tvåa i Leningrad mästerskapen  samma år efter Mark Taimanov och hyllades därefter av den store Botvinnik.

Senare karriär

 

Ung Stormästare (GM)

Spassky gjorde sin internationella debut in 1953 då han var sexton år i Bukarest i Rumäniendär han blev delad fyra med Laszlo Szabo på 12 poäng av 19 en tävling som vanns av Spasskys tränare Alexander Tolush. I Bukarest så vann Spassky över Vasily Smyslov som blev Världsmästare året efter. Han fick sedan titeln International Mästare av FIDE.  I sitt första försök i finalen av de Sovjetiska mästerskapen vilken var den 22:a i serien av mästerskap som hölls i Moskva år 1955 så blev Spassky trea med 11½ av 19 poäng efter Smyslov och Efim Geller. Denna tredje placering gav honom rätten att spela i Interzonturneringen i Göteborg senare samma år. The same year, he won the World Junior Chess Championship held at Antwerp, Belgium, scoring 6/7 to qualify for the final,[4] then 8/9 in the final to win by a full point over Edmar Mednis.[5] Spassky competed for the Lokomotiv Voluntary Sports Society. By sharing seventh place with 11/20 at Gothenburg,[6] Spassky qualified for the 1956 Candidates’ Tournament, held in Amsterdam, automatically gaining the grandmaster title, and was then the youngest to hold the title. At Amsterdam, he tied for third place with four others in the ten-player field, scoring 9½/18.[7] At the 23rd Soviet final, held in Leningrad in January–February 1956,[8] Spassky shared first place on 11½/19, with Mark Taimanov and Yuri Averbakh, but Taimanov won the subsequent playoff to become champion,[9] defeating Spassky in both their games. Spassky then tied for first in a semifinal for the 24th Soviet championship, thereby qualifying.[10]

 

Uneven results

 

Spassky then went into a slump in world championship qualifying events, failing to advance to the next two Interzonals (1958 and 1962), a prerequisite to earn the right to play for the world championship. This crisis coincided with the hard three final years of his first marriage before his divorce in 1961,[11] the same year that he broke with his trainer Tolush.

In the 24th Soviet final, played at Moscow in January–February 1957, Spassky shared fourth place with Tolush,[12] as both scored 13/21, while Mikhail Tal won the first of his six Soviet titles, which began his ascent to the world title in 1960.

Spassky’s failure to qualify for the Portoroz Interzonal came after a last-round defeat at the hands of Tal, in a nervy game in the 1958 Soviet championship,[13] held at Riga. Spassky had the advantage for much of the game, but missed a difficult win after adjournment, then declined a draw. A win would have qualified Spassky for the Interzonal, and a draw would have ensured a share of fourth place with Yuri Averbakh, with qualification possible via a playoff.

Spassky tied for first place at Moscow 1959 on 7/11, with Smyslov and David Bronstein.[14] He shared second place in the 26th Soviet final with Tal, at Tbilisi 1959, finishing a point behind champion Tigran Petrosian, on 12½/19.[15] Soon after Spassky notched a victory at Riga 1959, with 11½/13, one-half point in front of Vladas Mikenas.[16] Spassky finished in a tie for ninth at the 27th Soviet final in Leningrad, with 10/19, as fellow Leningrader Viktor Korchnoi scored his first of four Soviet titles.[17] Spassky travelled to Argentina, where he shared first place with Bobby Fischer, two points ahead of Bronstein, at Mar del Plata 1960 on 13½/15,[18] defeating Fischer in their first career meeting.

Another disappointment for Spassky came at the qualifier for the next Interzonal, the Soviet final, played in Moscow 1961,[19] where he again lost a crucial last-round game, this to Leonid Stein, who thus qualified, as Spassky finished equal fifth with 11/19, while Petrosian won.

 

Title contender

 Spassky decided upon a switch in trainers, from the volatile attacker Alexander Tolush to the calmer strategist Igor Bondarevsky. This proved the key to his resurgence. He won his first of two USSR titles in the 29th Soviet championship at Baku 1961, with a score of 14½/20, one-half point ahead of Lev Polugaevsky.[20] Spassky shared second with Polugaevsky at Havana 1962 with 16/21, behind winner Miguel Najdorf.[21] He placed joint fifth, with Leonid Stein at the 30th Soviet championship held in Yerevan 1962, with 11½/19.[22] At Leningrad 1963, the site of the 31st Soviet final, Spassky tied for first with Stein and Ratmir Kholmov,[23] with Stein winning the playoff, which was held in 1964.[24] Spassky won at Belgrade 1964 with an undefeated 13/17, as Korchnoi and Borislav Ivkov shared second place with 11½.[25] He finished fourth at Sochi 1964 with 9½/15, as Nikolai Krogius won.[26]

In the 1964 Soviet Zonal at Moscow, a seven-player double round-robin event, Spassky won with 7/12, overcoming a start of one draw and two losses, to advance to the Amsterdam Interzonal the same year.[27] At Amsterdam, he tied for first place, along with Mikhail Tal, Vasily Smyslov and Bent Larsen on 17/23, with all four, along with Borislav Ivkov and Lajos Portisch[28] thus qualifying for the newly created Candidates’ Matches the next year. With Bondarevsky, Spassky’s style broadened and deepened, with poor results mostly banished, yet his fighting spirit was even enhanced. He added psychology and surprise to his quiver, and this proved enough to eventually propel him to the top.

Challenger

Spassky was considered an all-rounder on the chess board, and his adaptable ”universal style” was a distinct advantage in beating many top grandmasters. In the 1965 cycle, he beat Paul Keres in the quarterfinal round at Riga 1965 with careful strategy, triumphing in the last game to win 6–4 (+4 −2 =4).[29] Also at Riga, he defeated Efim Geller with mating attacks, winning by 5½–2½ (+3 −0 =5).[30] Then, in his Candidates’ Final match against Mikhail Tal at Tbilisi 1965, Spassky often managed to steer play into quieter positions, either avoiding former champion Tal’s tactical strength, or extracting too high a price for complications. Though losing the first game, he won by 7–4 (+4 −1 =6).[31]

Spassky won two tournaments in the run-up to the final. He shared first at the third Chigorin Memorial in Sochi, in 1965 with Wolfgang Unzicker on 10½/15,[32] then tied for first at Hastings 1965–66 with Wolfgang Uhlmann on 7½/9.[33]

Spassky lost a keenly fought match to Petrosian in Moscow, with three wins against Petrosian’s four, with seventeen draws,[34] though the last of his three victories came only in the twenty-third game, after Petrosian had ensured his retention of the title, the first outright match victory for a reigning champion since the latter of Alekhine’s successful defences against Bogoljubov in 1934.[35] Spassky’s first event after the title match was the fourth Chigorin Memorial, where he finished tied for fifth with Anatoly Lein as Korchnoi won.[36] Spassky then finished ahead of Petrosian and a super-class field at Santa Monica 1966 (the Piatigorsky Cup), with 11½/18, half a point ahead of Bobby Fischer, as he overcame the American grandmaster’s challenge after Fischer had scored 3½/9 in the first cycle of the event.[37] Spassky also won at Beverwijk 1967 with 11/15,[38] one-half point ahead of Anatoly Lutikov, and shared first place at Sochi 1967 on 10/15 with Krogius, Alexander Zaitsev, Leonid Shamkovich, and Vladimir Simagin.[39]

As losing finalist in 1966, Spassky was automatically seeded into the next Candidates’ cycle. In 1968, he faced Geller again, this time at Sukhumi, and won by the same margin as in 1965 (5½–2½, +3 −0 =5).[40] He next met Bent Larsen at Malmö, and again won by the score of 5½–2½ after winning the first three games.[41] The final was against his Leningrad rival Korchnoi at Kiev, and Spassky triumphed (+4 −1 =5),[42] which earned him another match with Petrosian. Spassky’s final tournament appearance before the match came at Palma, where he shared second place (+10 −1 =6) with Larsen, a point behind Korchnoi.[43] Spassky’s flexibility of style was the key to victory over Petrosian, by 12½–10½,[44] with the site again being Moscow.

World Champion

In Spassky’s first appearance after winning the crown, he placed first at San Juan in October 1969 with 11½/15, one and one-half points clear of second.[45] He then played the annual event at Palma, where he finished fifth with 10/17. While Spassky was undefeated and handed tournament victor Larsen one of his three losses, his fourteen draws kept him from seriously contending for first prize, as he came two points behind Larsen.[46] In March–April 1970, Spassky played first board for the Soviet side in the celebrated USSR vs. World event at Belgrade,[47] where he scored +1 −1 =1 in the first three rounds against Larsen before Stein replaced him for the final match, as the Soviets won by the odd point, 20½–19½. He won a quadrangular event at Leiden 1970 with 7/12, a point ahead of Jan Hein Donner, who was followed by Larsen and Botvinnik, the latter of whom was making what would be his final appearance in serious play.[48] Spassky shared first at the annual IBM event held in Amsterdam 1970 with Polugaevsky on 11½/15.[49] He was third at Gothenburg 1971 with 8/11,[50] behind winners Vlastimil Hort and Ulf Andersson. He shared first with Hans Ree at the 1971 Canadian Open in Vancouver. In November and December, Spassky finished the year by tying for sixth with Tal, scoring +4 −2 =11, at the Alekhine Memorial in Moscow, which was won by Stein and Anatoly Karpov,[51] the latter’s first top-class success. 

Championship match with Fischer 

Spassky’s reign as world champion lasted three years, as he lost to Fischer of the United States in 1972 in the ”Match of the Century”. The contest took place in Reykjavík, Iceland, at the height of the Cold War, and consequently was seen as symbolic of the political confrontation between the two superpowers. Spassky accommodated many demands by Fischer, including moving the third game into a side room. The Fischer vs Spassky World championship was the most widely covered chess match in history, as mainstream media throughout the world covered the match. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger spoke with Fischer urging him to play the match, and chess was at its apex. The match could not have occurred without Spassky’s tremendous sportsmanship, accommodating many demands of Fischer, refusing to use these demands as an opportunity to win by forfeit.

Going into the match, Fischer had never won a game from Spassky in five attempts, losing three. In addition, Spassky had secured Geller as his coach, who also had a plus score against Fischer. However, Fischer was in excellent form, and won the title match convincingly (+7 −3 =11), with one of the three losses by default.

The match could be divided into halves, the first won convincingly by Fischer, and the second a close battle. Before Spassky, Mark Taimanov, Larsen, and Petrosian, had lost convincingly to Fischer, but Spassky maintained his composure and competitiveness. 

Ex-champion (1973–85) 

In February–March 1973, Spassky finished equal third at Tallinn with 9/15, three points behind Tal;[52] he tied for first at Dortmund on 9½/15 (+5 −1 =9) with Hans-Joachim Hecht and Ulf Andersson.[53] Spassky finished in fourth place at the annual IBM tournament held in Amsterdam,[54] one point behind winners Petrosian and Albin Planinc. In September, Spassky went 10/15 to finish second to Tal in the Chigorin Memorial at Sochi by a point.[55] In the 41st Soviet Championship[56] at Moscow, Spassky scored 11½/17 to win by a full point in a field which included all the top Soviet grandmasters of the time.

Boris_Spasski_1980
Boris Spassky, 1980

In the 1974 Candidates’ matches, Spassky first defeated American Robert Byrne in San Juan, Puerto Rico by 4½–1½ (+3 −0 =3);[57] he then lost the semifinal match to Anatoly Karpov in Leningrad, despite winning the first game, (+1 −4 =6).[58] In Spassky’s only tournament action of 1974, he played at Solingen, finishing with 8½/14 (+4 −1 =9), thus sharing third with Bojan Kurajica, behind joint winners Lubomir Kavalek and Polugaevsky, who scored 10.[59]

During 1975, Spassky played two events, the first being the annual tournament at Tallinn, where he finished equal second with Fridrik Olafsson, scoring 9½/15 (+5 −1 =9), one point behind Keres,[60] the last international event won by the latter before his sudden death in June 1975. In October–November, Spassky finished second to Geller at the Alekhine Memorial in Moscow with a score of 10 points from fifteen games (+6 −1 =8).[61]

In 1976, Spassky was obliged to return to the Interzonal stage, and finished in a tie for tenth place in Manila,[62] well short of qualifying for the Candidates matches, but was nominated to play after Fischer declined his place. Spassky won an exhibition match with Dutch grandmaster Jan Timman at Amsterdam 1977 by 4–2.[63] He triumphed in extra games in his quarterfinal Candidates’ match over Vlastimil Hort at Reykjavík 1977 by 8½–7½.[64] This match saw Spassky fall ill, exhaust all his available rest days while recovering[citation needed]; then the healthy Hort used one of his own rest days, to allow Spassky more time to recover; Spassky eventually won the match.

Spassky won an exhibition match over Robert Hübner at Solingen, 1977 by 3½–2½,[65] then defeated Lubomir Kavalek, also at Solingen, by 4–2 in another exhibition.[66] His next Candidates’ match was against Portisch at Geneva 1977, and Spassky won by 8½–6½, to qualify for the final.[67] At Belgrade 1977–78, Spassky lost to Korchnoi, by (+4 −7 =7).[68] In this match, Spassky fell behind 2½–7½ after losing the tenth game; however, he then won four consecutive games. After draws in games fifteen and sixteen, Korchnoi won the next two games to clinch the match by the score of 10½–7½.

Spassky, as losing finalist, was seeded into the 1980 Candidates’ matches, and faced Portisch again, with this match held in Mexico. After fourteen games, the match was 7–7, but Portisch advanced since he had won more games with the black pieces.[69] Spassky missed qualification from the 1982 Toluca Interzonal with 8/13, finishing half a point short, in third place behind Portisch and Eugenio Torre,[70] both of whom thus qualified. The 1985 Candidates’ event was held as a round-robin tournament at Montpellier, France, and Spassky was nominated as an organizer’s choice. He scored 8/15 to tie for sixth place with Alexander Beliavsky, behind joint winners Andrei Sokolov, Rafael Vaganian, and Artur Yusupov, and one-half point short of potentially qualifying via a playoff.[71] This was Spassky’s last appearance at the Candidates’ level.

International team results

Spassky played five times for the USSR in Student Olympiads, winning eight medals. He scored 38½/47 (+31 −1 =15), for 81.91 percent. His complete results are:
Lyon 1955, board 2, 7½/8 (+7 −0 =1), team gold, board gold;
Reykjavík 1957, board 2, 7/9 (+5 −0 =4), team gold, board gold;
Varna 1958, board 2, 6½/9 (+4 −0 =5), team gold;
Leningrad 1960, board 1, 10/12 (+9 −1 =2), team silver;
Marianske Lazne 1962, board 1, 7½/9 (+6 −0 =3), team gold, board gold.[72][73]

Spassky played twice for the USSR in the European Team Championships, winning four gold medals. He scored 8½/12 (+5 −0 =7), for 70.83 percent. His complete results are:
Vienna 1957, board 5, 3½/5 (+2 −0 =3), team gold, board gold;
Bath, Somerset 1973, board 1, 5/7 (+3 −0 =4), team gold, board gold.[74]

Spassky played seven times for the Soviet Olympiad team. He won thirteen medals, and scored 69/94 (+45 −1 =48), for 73.40 percent. His complete results are:
Varna 1962, board 3, 11/14 (+8 −0 =6), team gold, board gold medal;
Tel Aviv 1964, 2nd reserve, 10½/13 (+8 −0 =5), team gold, board bronze;
Havana 1966, board 2, 10/15, team gold.
Lugano 1968, board 2, 10/14, team gold, board bronze;
Siegen 1970, board 1, 9½/12, team gold, board gold;
Nice 1974, board 3, 11/15, board gold, team gold;
Buenos Aires 1978, board 1, 7/11 (+4 −1 =6), team silver.[74]

Spassky played board one in the USSR vs. Rest of the World match at Belgrade 1970, scoring (+1 −1 =1) against Larsen.

Spassky then represented France in three Olympiads, on board one in each case. For Thessaloniki 1984, he scored 8/14 (+2 −0 =12). At Dubai 1986, he scored 9/14 (+4 −0 =10). Finally at Thessaloniki 1988, he scored 7½/13 (+3 −1 =9). He also played board one for France at the inaugural World Team Championships, Lucerne 1985, where he scored 5½/9 (+3 −1 =5). 

Later tournament career (after 1976)

441px-Boris_Spassky_2009

In his later years, Spassky showed a reluctance to totally devote himself to chess. Since 1976, Spassky has lived in France with his third wife; he became a French citizen in 1978, and has competed for France in the Chess Olympiads.

Spassky did, however, score some notable triumphs in his later years. In his return to tournament play after the loss to Korchnoi, he tied for first at Bugojno 1978 on 10/15 with Karpov,[75] both players scoring +6 -1 =8 to finish a point ahead of Timman. He was clear first at Montilla–Moriles 1978 with 6½/9.[76] At Munich 1979, he tied for first place with 8½/13,[77] with Yuri Balashov, Andersson and Robert Hübner.[78] He shared first at Baden in 1980, on 10½/15 with Alexander Beliavsky.[79] He won his preliminary group at Hamburg 1982 with 5½/6, but lost the final playoff match to Anatoly Karpov in extra games.[80] His best result during this period was clear first at Linares 1983 with 6½/10, ahead of Karpov and Ulf Andersson, who shared second. At London Lloyds’ Bank Open 1984, he tied for first with John Nunn and Murray Chandler, on 7/9. He won at Reykjavík 1985. At Brussels 1985, he placed second with 10½/13 behind Korchnoi. At Reggio Emilia 1986, he tied for 2nd–5th places with 6/11 behind Zoltán Ribli. He swept Fernand Gobet 4–0 in a match at Fribourg 1987. He finished equal first at Wellington 1988 with Chandler and Eduard Gufeld. Spassky maintained a top ten world ranking into the mid-1980s.

However, Spassky’s performances in the World Cup events of 1988 and 1989 showed that he could by this stage finish no higher than the middle of the pack against elite fields. At Belfort WC 1988, he scored 8/15 for a joint 4th–7th place, as Garry Kasparov won. At Reykjavík WC 1988, he scored 7/17 for a joint 15th–16th place, with Kasparov again winning. Finally, at Barcelona WC 1989, Spassky scored 7½/16 for a tied 8th–12th place, as Kasparov shared first with Ljubomir Ljubojević.

Spassky played in the 1990 French Championship at Angers, placing fourth with 10½/15, as Marc Santo Roman won. At Salamanca 1991, he placed 2nd with 7½/11 behind winner Evgeny Vladimirov. Then in the 1991 French Championship, he scored 9½/15 for a tied 4th–5th place, as Santo Roman won again.

In 1992, Bobby Fischer, after a twenty-year hiatus from chess, re-emerged to arrange a ”Revenge Match of the 20th century” against Spassky in Montenegro and Belgrade; this was a rematch of the 1972 World Championship. At the time, Spassky was rated 106th in the FIDE rankings, and Fischer did not appear on the list at all, owing to his inactivity. This match was essentially Spassky’s last major challenge. Spassky lost the match with a score of +5 −10 =15. Spassky then played young female prodigy Judit Polgár in a 1993 match at Budapest, losing narrowly by 4½–5½.

Spassky continued to play occasional events through much of the 1990s, such as the Veterans versus Women series.

On October 1, 2006, Spassky suffered a minor stroke during a chess lecture in San Francisco. In his first major post-stroke play, he drew a six-game rapid match with Hungarian Grandmaster Lajos Portisch in April 2007.

On September 23, 2010, ChessBase reported that Spassky had suffered a more serious stroke that had left him paralyzed on his left side.[81] After that he returned to France for a long rehabilitation programme. On August 16, 2012, Spassky left France to return to Russia under disputed circumstances. Spassky is the oldest living former world champion. 

Legacy

Spassky’s best years were as a youthful prodigy in the mid-1950s, and then again as an adult in the mid to late 1960s. He seemed to lose ambition once he became World Champion. Some suggest the first match with Fischer took a severe nervous toll, but others would disagree as he was a sportsman who appreciated his opponent’s skill. He applauded one well-played game of Fischer, and attempted to defend Fischer when he faced jailing.

Some might suggest his preparation was largely bypassed by Fischer, but the match saw several important novelties by Spassky. Instead, Fischer was an incredible player in 1972, having won an unprecedented 20 games in a row, and Spassky probably showed he was number 2, and the match saw many enjoyable games. While one suggested he felt the disappointment of his nation for losing the title, others would say he conceived of himself as his own man and after the match took French citizenship. He had the equanimity to appreciate what was the chess event of the century, as chess occupied the spotlight for almost a year.

Never a true openings maven, at least when compared to contemporaries such as Geller and Fischer, he excelled in the middlegame with highly imaginative yet usually sound and deeply planned play, which could erupt into tactical violence as needed.

Spassky succeeded with a wide variety of openings, including the King’s Gambit, 1.e4 e5 2.f4, an aggressive and risky line rarely seen at the top level. Indeed, his record of sixteen wins (including victories against Fischer, Bronstein, and Karpov), no losses, and a few draws with the King’s Gambit is unmatched.[citation needed] The chess game between ”Kronsteen” and ”McAdams” in the early part of the James Bond movie From Russia With Love is based on a game in that opening played between Spassky and David Bronstein in 1960 in which Spassky (”Kronsteen”) was victorious.[85]

His contributions to opening theory extend to reviving the Marshall Attack for Black in the Ruy Lopez (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 0-0 8.c3 d5), developing the Leningrad Variation for White in the Nimzo-Indian Defence (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bg5), the Spassky Variation on the Black side of the Nimzo–Indian, and the Closed Variation of the Sicilian Defence for White (1.e4 c5 2.Nc3). Another rare line in the King’s Indian Attack bears his name: 1.Nf3 Nf6 2.g3 b5!?

Spassky is respected as a universal player, a great storyteller, a bon vivant on occasion, and someone who is rarely afraid to speak his mind on controversial chess issues, and who usually has something important to relate. 

Notable chess games

Boris Spassky vs Robert Fischer, Santa Monica 1966, Grunfeld Defence, Exchange Variation (D87), 1–0 Fischer seems to equalize in a sharp game, but he makes a small mistake and Spassky finishes nicely.
Boris Spassky vs Efim Geller, Sukhumi Candidates’ match 1968, game 6, Sicilian Defence, Closed Variation (B25), 1–0 One of three beautiful wins by Spassky over Geller in this match using the same variation, which is one of Spassky’s favorites.
Boris Spassky vs Tigran Petrosian, World Championship match, Moscow 1969, game 19, Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation (B94), 1–0 Aggressive style of play and brilliant sparkles of combinations shows Spassky at his heights.
Bent Larsen vs Boris Spassky, Belgrade 1970 (match USSR vs. Rest of the World), Nimzo–Larsen Attack, Modern Variation (A01), 0–1 Another nice short win over a noted grandmaster.
Boris Spassky vs Robert Fischer, Siegen Olympiad 1970, Grunfeld Defence, Exchange Variation (D87), 1–0 Fischer tries the Grunfeld again against Spassky, and the game is remarkably similar to their 1966 encounter.
Boris Spassky vs Robert Fischer, World Championship match, Reykjavík 1972, game 11, Sicilian Defense, Najdorf, Poisoned Pawn Variation (B97), 1–0 Fischer’s only loss in his favourite Poisoned Pawn variation.
Anatoly Karpov vs Boris Spassky, Candidates’ match, Leningrad 1974, game 1, Sicilian Defence, Scheveningen Variation (B83), 0–1 Spassky lost the match, but he started strongly with this fine win.

Citat om och av Boris Spassky

 

Chess is like life. – Boris Spassky

Which do I prefer? Sex or chess? It depends on the position. – Boris Spassky

When I am in form, my style is a little bit stubborn, almost brutal. Sometimes I feel a great spirit of fight which drives me on. – Boris Spassky

After I won the title, I was confronted with the real world. People do not behave naturally anymore – hypocrisy is everywhere. – Boris Spassky

In my country, at that time, being a champion of chess was like being a King. At that time I was a King … and when you are King you feel a lot of responsibility, but there is nobody there to help you. – Boris Spassky

I don’t want ever to be champion again. – Boris Spassky

I enjoy life, sometimes with a good bottle of wine! But don’t count on me in tournaments that demand a lot of nervous energy, like the French championship. I am empty; these are not for me anymore. – Boris Spassky

The Cary Grant of the 64 Squares. – Larry Parr

Highly cultured with interests in all fields of human knowledge, a man of impeccable comportment, great modesty … one of the favorites of all chessplayers. – Max Euwe

When Spassky offers you a piece, you may just as well resign. – Miguel Najdorf

I believe that judged by his style of play, Spassky is much closer to Alekhine and Tal than to Smyslov, Botvinnik, or Petrosian. This is probably why, when Spassky was in his best form, neither Tal nor Korchnoi could really put up much resistance against him. Spassky could read their play (especially that of Tal) like an open book. – Garry Kasparov

The universal chess style, characterized by the ability to play quite different types of chess positSpassky played five times for the USSR in Student Olympiads, winning eight medals. He scored 38½/47 (+31 −1 =15), for 81.91 percent. His complete results are:ions, is considered by many to derive from that of Boris Spassky. But I think that the general idea that Spassky has a universspan style=”font-size: 18px;”/ppal style overlooks the fact that from an early age, Spassky had a bent for sharp, attacking play and a good eye for the initiative. – Garry Kasparov

It is characteristic that Spassky has never in his life started a game with 1.Nf3. He must have considered it a “semi-move”, real moves being only those that lead to an immediate fight. All of those notorious opening peculiarities (such as avoiding this, that, and the other and preventing the other that and this) seemed repulsive to him. – Garry Kasparov

Spassky was the first great chess player to use both 1.e4 and 1.d4 with equal success. He managed to employ these moves more harmoniously than any other world champion. – Garry Kasparov

One of the soundest attacking players ever, Spassky nonetheless took very few chances. Totally dominant until he lost to the irresistible juggernaut known as Bobby Fischer. After that loss, he was never the same. – Bruce Pandolfini

Spassky sacrifices his pieces with the utmost imperturbability. He can blunder away a piece, and you are never sure whether it’s a blunder or a fantastically deep sacrifice. He sits at the board with the same dead expression whether he’s mating or being mated. – Bobby Fischer

Spassky is also a correct player, in this ‘classical’ aspect he is like Smyslov. But whereas Smyslov is a sedate player, Spassky has an attacking style. He combines the qualities of different chess players. Like Alekhine he values time. He is a very good strategic player. His games are pleasant to watch: he uses the whole board. He manages to deal with everything, grabs space, turns on the pressure here and there… – Vladimir Kramnik

He was less concerned about the position’s evaluation than about the character of the arising struggle. If he liked the character of the battle, he felt absolutely at home and, as a rule, didn’t fail to outplay his opponents. – Garry Kasparov (on Spassky)